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  Sauropus quadrangularis
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Sauropus quadrangularis (Willd.) Muell.-Arg., Linnaea 32: 73. 1863; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 335. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1303(911). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 261. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 347. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 737. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 438. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 10,16. 1996; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 534. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 414. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 295. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 642. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 380. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 299. 2002; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 395. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 754. 2009. Phyllanthus quadrangularis Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 585. 1805. Sauropus compressus Muell.-Arg in DC., Prodr. 15: 243. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 336. 1887; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 526. 1996.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aruni, Punarmuringa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Glabrous shrubs. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate-obtuse, emarginate at apex, glaucous below, black when dried; nerves 5 pairs, prominent; petiole 2 mm long; stipules cordate at base. Flowers solitary, axillary, pedicelled. Male flowers 3 mm across; sepals ovate, acute; stamens 3, anthers sessile on erect staminal column. Sepals of female flowers broadly ovate, obtuse, emarginate, united by the disk; styles 3, 2-fid at apex. Capsule 1.2 cm across, smooth, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous, evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India, China and Indo-China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-600
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Sabarimala, Vallakkadavu, Kannimara, Padippara, Ezhimala, Dhoni R. F., Nedumkayam
   
 
   
 
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