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  Sauropus compressus
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Sauropus compressus Mull.-Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15: 243. 1866; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 394. 2007. Sauropus varierii Sivar. & Indu, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 917. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dwarf, woody shrubs about 1 m tall; younger parts of stem 3-5 angled, often minutely winged along the angles, glabrous, brachiate; brachyblasts 10-15 cm long, compressed, not winged. Leaves up to 1.8 x 1.3 cm, broadly elliptic, ovate or orbicular, glabrous, green above, pale beneath, secondary veins 4-5 pairs, not raised above, lower leaves smaller; petiole 1-1.5 mm long; stipules almost as long as the petiole, lanceolate. Male flowers: in 2s or 3s from the axils, subdiscoid, 2.5 mm across; bracts and bracteoles minute, acuminate; pedicels 2.5 mm long; calyx segments 6 in 2 series, the outer three larger than the inner, broader than long, inner three as broad as long (1 mm), segments quadrate, glabrous, tips retuse or minutely 2-lobed; stamens 3, filaments united into a short triradiate column; anthers vertical. Female flowers : 4 mm across, usually solitary in the axils, green; pedicels 2 mm long; calyx lobes 6 in two series, inner smaller, orbicular or broadly ovate, acute, outer calyx segments 2.5 mm across, inner 1.5 mm across, accrescent and clasping the fruits, glabrous; ovary depressed at top; styles 3, subcentral. 2-lobed, lobes reflexed. Fruit subglobose with a triradiate depression at its beaked tip, 6 mm across, dehiscing into 6 valves; seeds lenticular, black, smooth.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-November
  District(s): Malappuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated as medicinal plant
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 100-1050
  Localities: Kottakkal Aryvaida Sala Herbal Garden
   
 
   
 
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