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  Sarcostemma viminale
 
  Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
  Citation:  Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 464. 1810; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 534. 2009. Euphorbia viminalis L., Sp. Pl. 452. 1753. Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 542. 1845. Asclepias acida Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 31. 1832. Sarcostemma brevistigma Wight & Arn. in Wight, Contrib. 59. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 26. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 838(589). 1923.
  Malayalam Name(s): Somam, Somavalli, Somalatha, Vayastha
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Moon creeper, Moon plant
  Description: Stem cylindrical, 3-7 mm in diameter, green, glabrous, internodes 10-20 cm long. Flowers sweet-scented in sessile many-flowered terminal umbels. Pedicels 6-12 mm long, pubescent. Bracts minute, linear-lanceolate. Sepals 5, 1-1.5 mm long, subacute, margin membranous, glandular inside near the base. Corolla campanulate, pale greenish white, divided almost to the base, lobes c.5 mm long, ovate-oblong, subacute. Outer corona crenately 10-lobed, lobes of the inner corona thick, fleshy obtuse, longer than the staminal column and concealing the anther. Staminal column very short. Pollen-masses compressed, clavate. Follicles 10-13 cm x 8 mm, lanceolate, tapering at both ends, slightly diverging when 2 together. Seeds 3-6 mm long, flattened ovate. Coma 1.8 cm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-May
  District(s): Idukki, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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