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  Rinorea bengalensis
 
  Family: VIOLACEAE
  Citation:  Rinorea bengalensis (Wall.) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 42. 1891; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 72. 1984; S.P. Banerjee & B.B. Pramanik, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 12: 5. 1983 & in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 348. 1993; K. Vivek. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 253. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 118. 2009. Alsodeia bengalensis Wall., Trans. Med. Soc. Calcutta 7: 224. 1835. Rinorea zeylanica (Arn.) O.Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 42. 1891; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 59. 1994. Pentaloba zeylanica Arn., Mag. Zool. Bot. 2: 543. 1837. Alsodeia zeylanica (Arn.) Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 21.1858; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1:187.1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 49(35).1915.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs or small trees; branchlets glabrous or puberulous. Leaves simple, alternate, 6-18 x 2-9 cm , elliptic-lanceolate or ovate, obtuse at apex, acute at base, crenate or serrate at margin, thin-coriaceous, glabrous except for bearded nerve axils beneath, greenish when dry; midnerve prominent; lateral nerves 10-12 pairs; petioles to 1 cm long; stipules appressed, linear-lanceolate to subulate, 5-8 x ca 1 mm, distinctly striate. Flowers fascicled, ca 4 mm across; pedicels to 1 cm long; bracts basal, ovate, subacute, ca 1 mm long, brown. Sepals subequal, broadly ovate, ca 2 x 1 mm, ciliate. Petals subequal, oblong-ovate, ca 5 x 1 mm, fleshy, white. Stamens inserted on a thick 5-lobed disc, glabrous; filaments short, broad at base cohering into a tube; anthers free, oblong; appendage subapical, broad, hooded. Ovary oblong, sometimes hairy, 3-ovuled; style short, straight, glabrous. Capsules globose, to 1 cm, glabrous, 3-valved, dehiscing longitudinally; seeds 3 or 4, globose, ca 5 mm, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Riverbanks in semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia, Australia and Pacific Islands
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Aryankavu
   
 
   
 
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