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  Rhinacanthus nasutus
  Citation:  Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 79. 1870; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 215. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 288. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 309. 1989; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 308. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 348. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 594. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 359. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 351. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 275. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 15. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 346. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 515. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 237. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 301. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 237. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 234. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 387. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 546. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 622. 2009. Justicia nasuta L., Sp. Pl. 16. 1753. Rhinacanthus communis Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 109. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 541. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1083(758). 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nagamulla, Orukaalmudanthi, Pushpakedal, Purukolli, Puzhukkolli, Vellakkurunji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Snake jasmine, Dainty Spurs
  Description: Erect shrubs, stem terete, tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, 8-12 x 4-8 cm, elliptic, acute at both ends, crenulate, minutely pubescent; nerves 7-10 pairs. Flowers in terminal, panicled cymes; bracts and bracteoles similar, 2 mm long, hispid. Calyx lobes 5, 5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, hispid. Corolla white, tube 25 mm long, slender, hispid; upper lip entire, oblong, acuminate; lower lip broad, 3-lobed, obtuse. Stamens 2, inserted near the throat of the tube, equal; one anther lobe lower than other, glabrous. Ovary cell 2-ovuled, style slender. Capsule 2 cm long, clavate, with a lower solid slender stalk, glabrous; seeds 1 or 2 in each cell, rugose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Wet areas in moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, Java and Madagascar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Elanad, Rosemala, Alampetty, Kalvarithode, Rockpoint, Mannarappara, Pathenthode, Ambayathode, Taliparamba, Agali, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Chengalayi, Venmony, Kanjirakadavu, Ariankavu, Teppakulam
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