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  Rhamnus virgatus
 
  Family: RHAMNACEAE
  Citation:  Rhamnus virgatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 351. 1824; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 222(159). 1918. Rhamnus hirsutus Wight & Arn., Prodr. 165. 1834. Rhamnus dahuricus Pall. var. hirsutus (Wight & Arn.) Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 639. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect shrub; branchlets ending in a spine. Leaves fascicled, elliptic, to 4 x 1.5 cm, chartaceous, puberulous below; nerves 3 or 4 pairs, base acute, margin serrulate, apex acuminate; petiole 1.2 cm; stipules lanceolate. Fascicles to 1 cm, axillary, to 10-flowered. Flowers 3 mm wide; pedicel 5 mm; bract ovoid. Calyx-lobes 4, ovate. Petals 4, yellow, obovate. Disk 0. Stamens 4. Ovary globose, 2-celled; styles 2; stigma capitate. Drupe 6 mm wide, 2-celled; pyrenes 2.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Montane scrub jungles and shola forests
  Distribution: South India, Himalayas to West China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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