Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Rauvolfia serpentina
 
  Family: APOCYNACEAE
  Citation:  Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz, For. Fl. Burma 2: 171. 1877; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 632. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 807(567). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 164. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 254. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 229. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 279. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 243. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 421. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 282. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 293. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 217. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 9, 15; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 282. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 204. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 417. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 244. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 316. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 190. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 443. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 313. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 427. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 523. 2009. Ophioxylon serpentinum L., Sp. Pl. 1043. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Amalpori, Avalpori, Chuvannavilpuri, Sarpagandhi, Vanduvazha
  Tamil name(s): Sarpgandha
  English name(s): Serpentina, Snake root
  Description: Subshrubs, rootstock thick, sap watery. Leaves simple, whorled, 3-4 at each node, 7-10 x 3 cm, oblanceolate, acuminate at both ends, glabrous; lateral nerves to 12 pairs. Cymes axillary and terminal, densely flowered; peduncles to 5 cm long. Sepals 4 mm long, oblong, acute. Corolla white, tube 15 mm long, lobes 5 mm long, oblong, obtuse. Capsules 5 mm, ovoid, obtuse, black; fruiting calyx crimson.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: South and south east Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Poringal, Elanad, Palapally, Kattalappara, Kallar, Vallakkadavu, Thunakkadavu, Begur, Ezhimala, Hosdurg, Kalliassey, Taliparamba, Kannoth, Mukkali forests, Walayar, Karimpuzha, Changarakode, Rockwood, Vandalodu, Thenmalai, Ariankavu, Vallikkunnam
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online