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  Punica granatum
 
  Family: PUNICACEAE
  Citation:  Punica granatum L., Sp. Pl. 472. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 581. 1879; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 146. 1995; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 383. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Atthazhachakka, Dadiman, Mathalam, Mathalanaregam, Pumathalam, Urumbumathalam, Urumathalam, Thalimathalam
  Tamil name(s): Dadima
  English name(s): Pomegranate
  Description: Tree or shrub, l.5-5 m tall. Branches terete, opposite, branchlets usually ending in spines. Leaves glabrous, lustrous 19-35(-50) x 8-12 (-15) mm, oblong-lanceolate to obovate or elliptic, subpetiolate, entire, apex sub-actue to obtuse. Flowers scarlet red or white, conspicuous, 3 cm or more in length. Calyx 20-35 mm long, indented slightly above the middle, reddish, somewhat succulent; lobes 5-7,c. 8 mm long, triangular. Petals and stamens inserted at the throat of the calyx. Petals 16-20 x 10-12 mm, broadly obovate, wrinkled, alternating with the sepal lobes. Filaments c. 7 mm long, multiseriate, persistent. Ovary subglobose; style thick, c. 1 cm long, reddish; stigma simple; slightly bilobed. Fruit globose, 2-8 cm in diameter, sometimes persistent, pale red to scarlet, or brownish, partitioned by thin leathery yellow septa; the rind thick and coriaceous. Seeds red or pink, c. 10 mm long, angular, testa thick, fleshy and juicy.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Central & West Asia, West Himalaya, widely cultivated in East Himalaya, South Europe and Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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