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  Psilanthus travancorensis
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Psilanthus travancorensis (Wight & Arn.) Leroy, Compt. Rend. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 29, D:595. 1980; Sivar., Biju & Mathew, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sinica 33: 219. 1992; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 363. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 443. 2009. Coffea travancorensis Wight & Arn., Prodr. 433. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 154. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 637(449). 1921; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 207. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 190. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 225. 1994.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pushkkaramoolam, Pushkkaramulla
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, to 1.5-2.5 m tall. Leaves simple, opposite, variable in size and shape, to 12 x 6 cm, broadly ovate, elliptic or oblanceolate, entire, acute or shortly acuminate at apex, acute or cuneate at base, coriaceous, glabrous, shining green above, paler beneath; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, faint above, raised below, without domatia; petiole 1-3 mm, glabrous; stipules ovate, shortly acuminate at tip, 1.5-2 mm long, glabrous outside and with colleters at base within. Inflorescence 1-5 flowered, mostly on terminal. Flowers white, fragrant, the central flower in 3-5 flowered inflorescence usually ebracteate and ebracteolate, others with one pair of bracts and a pair of closely set bracteoles; bracts ovate-cuspidate, to 1-1.6 mm long, glabrous outside; bracteoles lanceolate, to 2 mm long. Calyx cup-shaped, to 1.2 mm long, glabrous, much shorter than the disc, limb subentire. Corolla glabrous, tube cylindric, 10-18 mm long, lobes 5, elliptic-obtuse, 8-12 x 3-7 mm. Stamens 5, inserted below the throat; anthers sessile, 5-7 mm long, tips exserted. Ovary stipitate, style 1.2 mm, glabrous; stigma 2-lobed, lobes acute, 1-1.4 mm. Fruits blue-black when ripe, depressed globose, didymous, 14 x 20 mm; seeds dark, ellipsoid, 5-7 x 4-5 mm, with a prominent ventral groove.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Sacred groves and scrub jungles
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chiyyaram, Varkala, Aroor
   
 
   
 
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