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  Psilanthus bengalensis
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Psilanthus bengalensis (Roxb. ex Schult.) J.-F.Leroy, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 3: 252. 1981; Sivar., Biju & Mathew, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sinica 33: 214. 1992. Coffea bengalensis Roxb. ex Schult. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 5: 200. 1819. Psilanthus babadudanii Sivar., Biju & Mathew, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sinica 33: 212. 1992.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Paracoffea
  Description: Shrubs, 2-3 m tall, usually deciduous; young stem greyish brown pubescent. Leaves opposite, 3-6(-13) x 5-7 cm, broadly ovate or elliptic, acuminate at apex, acute, rounded or slightly cuneate at base, subcoriaceous, pale green when young, yellow-brown on drying, glabrous above, pubescent on nerves beneath; lateral veins 3-5 pairs with hair-lined pit-domatia in the axils beneath; petiole 3 (-10) mm long, pubescent; stipules 5-6 mm long, triangular-aristate, pubescent outside and with colleters within. Flowers born with leaves or precocious, white, fragrant, 1-5, mostly on terminal or less commonly on axillary brachyblasts with 2 pairs of closely set bracts, the outer pair lanceolate-acuminate, 10-14 x 3-4 mm, pubescent outside and without colleters inside, the second pair similar but with colleters within; bracteoles one pair, often of two young leaves, sometimes developing into mature leaves with a pair of ovate or triangular, acuminate stipules, closely set with bracts. Calyx 3-4 mm long, funnel-shaped, hardly projecting above the disc, limb minutely 5-7 lobed, with scattered colleters on the rim. Corolla pubescent, tube cylindric, 17-20 x 3 mm, lobes 5, ovate or elliptic, acute or obtuse, 10-13 x 5-6 mm. Stamens inserted below the throat of the corolla tube. Anthers sessile, 1-1.2 mm long, tips slightly exserted. Ovary without colleters at base; style 3.5 mm, glabrous; stigma 2-fid, 1.5 mm long. Fruit subsessile, obovoid or ellipsoid, crowned by the persistent calyx, longer than broad, 10-13 x 5-8 mm, entire or didymous, blue-black when ripe; seeds oblong or ellipsoid with a longitudinal ventral groove.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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