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  Polygala arillata
 
  Family: POLYGALACEAE
  Citation:  Polygala arillata Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 199. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 200. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 58(41). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 74. 1984; R.N. Banerjee in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 457. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 38. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 64. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 20. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 24. 1999; R.N. Banerjee & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 291. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs to 1.5 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, 17 x 5 cm, elliptic, acuminate at apex, acute at base; nerves to 15 pairs; petiole 1 cm long. Racemes to 10 cm long. Flowers yellow; pedicels 5 mm long. Outer sepals 5 x 4 mm, ovate, obtuse; inner 14 x 8 mm, oblong, emarginated. Petals 14 mm long, crest dichotomous; wings decurrent at base. Capsule 8 x 14 mm long, compressed, glabrous, striate; seeds oblong 7 x 4 mm, biconvex; caruncle reddish.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Kannur, Idukki, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Olikkudy, Inchippara, Vattavada, on way to Umayar
   
 
   
 
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