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  Plumbago zeylanica
 
  Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE
  Citation:  Plumbago zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. 151. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 480. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 744(524). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 156. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 237. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 219. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 260. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 228. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 262. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 273. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 199. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 389. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 219. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 177. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 176. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 400. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 489. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Koduveli, Kottuveli, Thumbakoduveli, Vellakoduveli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Ceylon leadwort, Lead wort, White leadwort, Wild Plumbago
  Description: Erect subshrubs, sometimes subscandent; stem striate. Leaves 3-7 x 1.7-3.2 cm, ovate or elliptic-ovate, base shortly and abruptly attenuated into a short petiole, apex acute or subacute, somewhat glaucous beneath; petiole c. 1 cm long, amplexicaul at base and often auriculate. Flowers white, in elongate, terminal, often panicled racemes; rachis with sessile glands; bracteoles ovate, acuminate. Calyx 8-12 mm long, narrowly tubular, densely covered with stalked glands; lobes small. Corolla 1-1.6 cm across; tube c. 1.5 cm long; lobes obovate-oblong. Stamens 5; filaments c. 1.5 cm long. Ovary ellipsoid, 1-locular; stigma 5-fid. Capsule oblong, acute with 5 furrows.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Alampetty, Chinnar, Thekkady, Thunakkadavu, Kannoth, Tirunalli, Sreekantapuram, Dhoni R. F., Kavundikal, Vandanam, Kalikavu, Thenmalai, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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