Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Piper betle
  Citation:  Piper betle L., Sp. Pl. 28. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1208(845). 1925; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 344. 1989; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 38.1996; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 419. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 607. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 690. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kodinjali, Vettila, Vettilakkodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Betel pepper, Betel, Betel leaf vine
  Description: A climber up to 20 m tall. Stems strongly swollen at the nodes, papillose when young, soon entirely glabrous. Leaves of fertile branches with a petiole 1-2 cm long, 1.2-1.8 mm thick when dry, glabrous at maturity; lamina 12-20 cm long, 6-11 cm wide, ovate, rounded or shallowly cordate and slightly asymmetrical at the base, rather gradually acuminate at the apex; almost coriaceous, hardly pellucid when dry, bright green, shining and very smooth on the upper side, not scaly, the margin slightly revolute; with 2-3 pairs of arcuate veins from the base and one pair from the midrib 1-3 cm above the base; cross veins not or feebly raised on upper surface in dry leaf. Peduncle 1.2-2 (-2.8) cm long, as long as or slightly longer than petiole of opposed leaf. Spike 3.5-5 cm long, 3-4 mm thick at anthesis, unevenly nodose in fruit; pendulous, apiculate by the ebracteate sterile tip of the axis. Bracts peltate, orbicular to obcordate, broadly stipitate, with a membranous margin. Flowers crowded, dioecious. Stamens 2. Stylules 5-6, sometimes up to 8, about 0.8 mm across. Berries very rarely produced, concrescent into a fleshy spadix.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Idukki, Thrissur, Malappuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: India and Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Arampa
Kerala News Online