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  Phaeanthus malabaricus
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Phaeanthus malabaricus Bedd., Ic. t. 76. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 72. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 17(12). 1915; Ramach. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 1: 96. 1980; Mohanan et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 399. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 41. 1988; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 230. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 32. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 17. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 9. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 59. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 45. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 161. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 100. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kunukipanal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees or large shrubs, branchlets sparsely tomentose. Leaves to 16 x 4.5 cm, oblong, shortly acuminate at apex, rounded to subcordate at base, glabrous; nerves 6-10 pairs, looping below the margin, reticulate. Flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles; pedicels 1.5 cm long, hispid.; sepals 3 x 3 mm, ovate, acute, hispid; petals unequal; outer petals 9 x 5 mm, elliptic, acute, hirtus; inner 12 x 8 mm, ovate, acute, concave, thick, hirtus, spreading; stamens many; anthers oblong; connective hooded; ovaries 20, oblong, villous; ovules 1 or 2; stigma globose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Ernakulam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status: Near Threatened (NT)
  Altitude: 700-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Rosemala, Kattalappara, Koruthode, Kodanad, Chathanathara, Panoth, Meenmutty-Kulamavu, Kulamavu, Pooyamkutty along river banks, Tambracherri, Attayar, Bonaccord, Chemungi, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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