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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Pedilanthus tithymaloides
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poir., Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris 19: 390, t. 19. 1812; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 239. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1346(942). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 258. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 344. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 727. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 634. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 451. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 281. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 644. 2009. Euphorbia tithymaloides L., Sp. Pl. 453. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Devil's backbone, Zigzag plant, Jacob's ladder
  Description: Erect subshrubs; branchlets zigzag, latex milky. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate, variegated, deciduous. Cyathia terminal, cymose, subtended by petaloid bracts; glands 4, unequal; appendages and perianth absent. Male florets c. 25, female single; ovary 3-locular; ovule 1 per locule. Capsule of 3 bivalved cocci.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Introduced as garden plant, also runs wild
  Distribution: Originally from West Indies; now naturalised in India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Ranni, Peradala, Cherupuzha, Vallikkunnam
   
 
   
 
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