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  Pavetta brunonis
  Citation:  Pavetta brunonis G. Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 575. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 152. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 634 (447). 1921; Rout & Deb, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 41: 82. 1999; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 440. 2009. Ixora nilagirica O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 286. 1891.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, 2-3 m high, erect, branched; stem stout, 4-angled, glabrous and corky in age, pubescent when young. Leaves simple, opposite, 5.5-17.0 x 2.5-7.5 cm, elliptic-obovate, acute or acuminate at apex, cuneate, acute or attenuated at base, membranous, glabrescent or sparsely pubescent above, densely pubescent beneath; midrib canaliculate and pubescent above, tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 10-12 pair, pubescent; stipules persistent, interpetiolar, 12-17 x 5-7 mm, oblong-triangular, acute at apex, subcoriaceous, pubescent outside. Inflorescence terminal, sessile or peduncled, trichotomously branched, corymbose cymes, 7-8 cm across, pubescent; peduncles up to 1 cm long, pubescent; bracts 6-7 x 5 mm, cuspidate, membranous, pubescent outside, glabrous within. Flowers ca 100; pedicels 2-4 mm, pubescent. Hypanthium ca 1 x 1 mm, obovoid, pubescent. Calyx tube ca 0.5 x 1.0 mm, broader above, pubescent outside, glabrous within; teeth 1.5-2.0 x 0.3 mm, subulate, acute at apex pubescent outside, glabrous within. Corolla tube 9-12 mm long, ca 1 mm across, cylindrical, glabrous outside, pilose within; lobes 4.5-5.0 x 2.5 mm, oblong, mucronulate at apex, glabrous. Staminal filaments 0.2-0.5 mm, slender, glabrous; anthers 3.5-4.5 mm. Ovary ca 0.8 x 0.8 mm; disc ca 0.5 x 0.8 mm; style 20-25 mm long, slender, glabrous, puberulous below stigma; stigma ca 2 mm, simple, fusiform, puberulous. Drupes 7-10 x 7-11 mm, subglobose or didymous, sparsely pubescent, with persistent calyx teeth; seeds 1 or 2, ca 4 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): Kannur, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 100-1500
  Localities: Meekara
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