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  Pavetta breviflora var. ciliolata
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Pavetta breviflora DC. var. ciliolata Gamble ex Bremek., Feddes Repert. 37: 98. 1934; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1879(1300). 1936; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 140. 1988.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect shrubs; stem stout, quadrangular, glabrous; bark yellowish. Leaves 4.5-14.0 x 1.0-4.5 cm, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, acute or acuminate at apex, acute at base, subcoriaceous, glabrous above, ciliate on the nerves beneath; bacterial leaf-galls many on secondary or tertiary nerves, circular (0.5-1.2 mm) or elliptic (1.0-1.5 x 0.5-0.7 mm), more prominent on upper surface; domatia absent; midrib subcanaliculate above; lateral nerves 10-12 pair, alternate or subopposite, more prominent beneath; petioles 0.4-1.6 cm, stout, glabrous; stipules interpetiolar, 10-15 x 3-5 mm, narrowly triangular, coriaceous, scarious at margin. Inflorescence terminal, sessile or subsessile, trichotomously branched, corymbose cymes, 2.5-4.5 cm across, glabrous; bracts 4-7 x 4-6 mm, broadly triangular, cuspidate, membranous, glabrous. Flowers 40-80; pedicels, 2-4 mm, glabrous. Hypanthium 0.5-1.0 x 0.8-1.2 mm, obovoid, glabrous; calyx tube 1.0 x 1.0-1.8 mm, broader above or cylindrical, ciliate outside, glabrous within; teeth 0.4-0.8 0.2-0.6 mm, broadly triangular, ciliate. Corolla tube 4-8 mm long, 0.5-1.2 mm across, cylindrical, glabrous; lobes 3.5-5.0 x 1.0-2.0 mm, oblong, rarely lanceolate, mucronulate or acuminate at apex, glabrous. Filaments ca 0.5 mm, glabrous; anthers 2.2-5.0 mm. Ovary 0.8 x 0.7-1.0 mm; disc 0.5 x 0.7-1.0 mm; style 12-17 mm(rarely 6 mm) long, slender, glabrous below, puberulous above; stigma 1-3 mm, clavate, puberulous. Drupes 5.5-6.0 mm across, globose or subglobose, glabrous, shining, 1-seeded; seeds ca 4.5 mm; exotestal surface rugose; embryo ca 2 mm; radicle ca 1 mm, stout, curved; cotyledons 2, ca 1 x1 mm, equal, suborbicular; plumule minute, enclosed within cotyledons.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Damsite
   
 
   
 
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