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  Parthenocissus semicordata var. roylei
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Parthenocissus semicordata (Wall.) Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5:451.1887, var. roylei (King) Raiz. & Saxena, Indian For. 92: 319. 1966; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 303. 2000; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 759. 2005. Vitis semicordata Wall. var. roylei King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 65: 113. 1896. Vitis neilgherriensis Wight, Ic. t. 965. 1845. Vitis himalayana Brandis, For. Fl. 100. 1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 655. 1875. p. p. Vitis anamalayana Bedd., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 25:213.1865-1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1:656.1875. Parthenocissus neilgherriensis (Wight) Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 2. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 231(166). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 120. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 60. 1988; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 76. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 74. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 136. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large climber; stem lenticellate. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets to 17 x 10 cm, ovate, acuminate, rounded at base, coriaceous, spinous serrate, 9-nerved; lateral leaflets oblique at base; petiolule 0.5-1 cm long; rachis to 11 cm long. Cymes 9 cm across, terminal, peduncled. Flowers bisexual, pedicellate, densely packed; calyx cupular, 5-teethed; petals 4 mm long, oblong; stamens 5, filaments straight; disc obscure; ovary obovoid, truncate, 2-celled; stigma capitate on short style. Fruit a berry; seed 1.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Pachakkanam, Uppermanalar, Damsite, Kakki hills
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