Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Pandanus palakkadensis
 
  Family: PANDANACEAE
  Citation:  Pandanus palakkadensis Nadaf, Zanan and Wakte, Kew Bull. 66: 1. 2011.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubs, divaricately branched upwards, stem ca. 15-20 cm in diam.; prop roots absent or rarely present, when present very short at the base of stem; stem erect, rough. Leaves linear, ca. 300 × 5-7 cm, both margins and midvein spiny with three rows all along leaf; spines sharp, dense, black and pointed; spines at the base 0.4-0.5 cm long, crowded towards apex, ca. 0.1 cm long at the tip; marginal spines 1-1.5 cm apart at the base, 0.7-0.1 cm apart at the middle portion and crowded towards the apex; midvein spines 2-2.5 cm apart at the base, 1.5-2 cm apart at the middle. Staminate inflorescence terminal, compound spike; spathe 100-120 cm long; bracts 9-10, yellowish, linear, lanceolate with variable length, margin and midrib prickled, moderately fragrant; staminate spike 6-15 × 2 cm, cylindrical; androphore 0.6-0.8 cm long, stemonophore 0.3-0.4 cm long with 8-10 stamens; stamens 0.3-0.4 cm long; filaments 0.1 cm long, arranged in pairs; anther 0.2-0.3 cm long. Infructescence terminal, 1-2 fruits per infructescence, a solitary syncarp, 45-55 × 10-12 cm, cylindrical, bracteate, bracts 7-9, linear, lanceolate with variable length, margin and midrib prickled; drupes 1500-1600 per infructescence, 3-4 × 1-1.3 cm, hexagonal, pileus flat, smooth; style 0.75-1 cm long, almost at right angle to the pileus, bony, brownish; stigma 0.5-0.7 cm long, sharp with oblique apex, brown; endocarp median, obconical, broadly truncate, concave on either side, endocarp with distinctly elevated shoulders, central projection of endocarp attached to stigma, 1-1.2 × 0.8-0.9 cm, 0.2-0.25 cm thick with 0.7-0.8 cm long tip attached to pileus; mesocarp fibrous, apical mesocarp 0.7-0.8 cm thick, 1.3-1.5 cm thick at base. Seeds 1 per locule, ellipsoid, 0.8-0.9 × 0.3-0.4 cm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-October
  District(s): Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Growing along the margins of paddy fields and on the banks of streams
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online