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  Pandanus odorifer
 
  Family: PANDANACEAE
  Citation:  Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 737. 1891. Keura odorifera Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 172. 1775. Pandanus verus Rumph. ex Kurz, J. Bot. 5: 125. 1867, nom. superfl. Pandanus odoratissimus L.f., Suppl. Pl. 424. 1782; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 301. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 399. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 830. 1990. Pandanus fascicularis Lam., Encycl. 1: 372. 1783; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 485. 1893; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 429. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 414. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 494. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 780. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thazhambu, Pookaitha, Kaitha, Kainari, Thala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Fragrant screw pine, Screw pine, Screw tree, Umbrella tree
  Description: Branched shrubs or small trees; trunk greyish-brown, ringed by leaf-scars and with basal prop roots. Leaves spiralled in 3 rows, upto 200 cm long and 6 cm broad, linear-ensiform, apex gradually narrowed into an elongated triquete flagella, the margins and dorsal midrib armed with white prickles, glaucous beneath. Female inflorescence a solitary terminal cephalium, pendulous in fruit. Phalanges mostly 5-15-celled, the carpels concentrically arranged, their apices with U-or V-shaped stigmas. Male inflorscence of several spikes, with white or cream axillant bracts, 5-10 cm long, composed of numerous phalanges; anthers apiculate. Fruit c. 20 x 10 cm oblong, red-orange.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Mangrove forests and sea coasts
  Distribution: Tropical and subtropical Asia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Cheruvathur, Payyavur, Thrikkunnapuzha
   
 
   
 
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