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  Pandanus canaranus
 
  Family: PANDANACEAE
  Citation:  Pandanus canaranus Warb. in Engl., Pflanzenreich Pandan. 75. 1900; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1570(1095). 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 301. 1982; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 491. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 529. 1990; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 899. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thazakaida
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubs, distally branching. Leaves spirally arranged, linear-attenuate, 150-210 x 3-5(5.5) cm, prickly on margins and dorsal mid-rib, the prickles greenish to brownish. Female head oblong-ovoid, 20-24 cm long, composed of numerous simple drupes. Drupes 36-40 x 8-10 mm, style c. 5 mm long, conic, simple or (rarely) forked with short horns; pileus pyramidal, about 5 mm high; endocarp central, c. 15 mm long; apical mesocarp c. 12-15 mm long; basal mesocarp c. 4 mm long. Male inflorescence spicate, lower bracts with spinulose flagelliform tips. Spike c. 7.5 x 2.2 cm. Male phalange with column 3-6 mm long, rachis 2-3 mm long, stamens c. 17-29 together, filaments 0.5-1 mm long, anthers 2.5-3.5 mm long, 0.5 mm wide; apiculus 0.3-0.6 mm long.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-August
  District(s): Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along banks of streams
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Tiruvalla, Kannoth, Olavakkot, Mathur, Mararikulam
   
 
   
 
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