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  Oxytenanthera monadelpha
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Oxytenanthera monadelpha (Thw.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.) 342. 1931; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1861(1288). 1934; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 997. 2009. Dendrocalamus monadelphus Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 376. 1864. Pseudoxytenanthera monadelpha (Thw.) Sodestrom & Ellis, Smiths. Contrib. Bot. 72: 52. 1988; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 544. 1998; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 224. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 356. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 401. 2002. Oxytenanthera thwaitesii Munro, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 129. 1868; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 402. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattumula
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubby bamboo; culms, tufted. Leaves to 20 x 3 cm, ovate, lanceolate, long acute at apex, margins, minutely serrate. Panicles of spicate branches; spikelets in clusters, forming pseudo-panicles, to 1.5 cm long, with 1 fertile and 2 dormant florets. Lower glume 5 mm, obovate-triangular, mucronate, ciliate along the margins and upper part; upper glume 9 mm, oblong-triangular, lemma 12 mm, ovate-elongate, mucronate; palea little smaller. Stamens 6, filaments united.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-2000
  Localities: Olikkudy, Vellimala, Karimala
   
 
   
 
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