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  Osbeckia virgata
  Citation:  Osbeckia virgata D. Don ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 323. 1834; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 188. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 165. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 111. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 167. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 259. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 199. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 190. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 131. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 274. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 145. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 132. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 129. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 280. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 223. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 297. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 374. 2009. Osbeckia octandra sensu Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 521. 1879, non (L.) DC. 1828; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 493(348). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 110. 1982; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 141. 1995.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Much-branched subshrubs, up to 1 m tall; young stem bluish, stiff appressed hairy. Leaves 1.5-3.3 x 0.5 - 1.8 cm, elliptic to linear-lanceolate,base attenuate, apex acute, hairy below on nerves, prominently 3-ribbed; petiole up to 5 mm long. Flowers in terminal few-flowered clusters, pentamerous, c. 2 cm across. Calyx tube 3-4 mm long, subglobose with stalked stellate and simple bristles; lobes 5, lanceolate, acute. Petals pink, 6-7 x 3-4 mm, obovate. Stamens 10; anthers 4-5 mm long. Ovary 5-locular, with tufted stiff hairs. Capsules 6-7 x 4-5 mm, subglobose. Seeds minute, curved and minutely tubercled.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grassy areas in evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Sholayar, Ponmudi, Kallar, Alampetty, Pachakkanam, Chokkampetti, Parambikulam, Vengoli, Sispara, Ranni, Panathur, Taliparamba, Nadugani ghats, Ampumala, Chathiyara, Bonaccord, Attayar
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