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  Ophiorrhiza shendurunii
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Ophiorrhiza shendurunii Shanavas, Santhosh & Pushpangadan, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 95: 317. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Undershrubs; stem erect, branched, terete and glabrous; internodes 7-10 cm long. Leaves opposite, 8-12 x 3-5 cm, ovate to elliptic lanceolate, membranous, glabrous, acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, with lateral nerves up to 10 pairs; petioles 1-3 cm long, glabrous; stipules interpetiolar, to ca 2 cm long, linear, broadened at the base and entire; inflorescence terminal corymbose of helicoids cymes; peduncles pubescent; pedicels 0.1-0.2 cm long, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles many, linear, glabrous. Calyx tube terete, pubescent, lobes 5, triangular, glabrous. Corolla white, tube 1.1-1.5 cm. long, funnel shaped, ribbed, on the outside along the middle of the petals, and ribs hairy, glabrous at the base, hairy below the middle, and then papillate upwards within, distinctly veined; lobes 5, ca 0.3 x 0.2 cm. Stamens 5, inserted on the corolla tube above the base; anthers oblong, glabrous, basifixed, introrse, and longitudinally dehiscent. Disc epigynous, glandular, of 2 large lobes. Ovary 2-loculed, ovules many on basal ascending placenta; style filiform, glabrous; stigma 2-lobed with linear-lanceolate lobes. Capsules 0.4-0.5 x 0.7-0.8 cm, obovoid, compressed, pilose; seeds minute, angled, reticulate
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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