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  Ophiorrhiza nairii
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Ophiorrhiza nairii Ramamurthy & Rajan, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 82: 174. 1985.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Undershrubs; stem erect, branched, terete, densely hairy; internodes 4-12 cm long. Leaves opposite decussate, unequally paired; 10-15 x 4-7 cm, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, attenuate at base, leathery, coriaceous, sparsely villous above, minutely villous beneath, more or dense on veins; nerves 10-15 pairs; petioles 1-3 cm long, villous; stipules interpetiolar, 5-12 mm long, linear, broadly at base, bilobed. Inflorescence terminal, corymb-like, flowers in each peduncle with distinct helicoid arrangement; peduncles villous; pedicels 2 mm long, hairy; bracteoles many, linear, subulate, hairy. Calyx tube terete, lobes lanceolate. Corolla 1.5-2 cm long funnel shaped above, ribbed, villous within, more dense near the stamens base, less villous without, veins distinct, corolla tube lobbed. Stamens 5, inserted on the corolla tube; anthers oblong, base densely villous, dorsifixed, introrse, dehising longitudinally. Ovary 2-loculed, style filiform, hairy; stigma dilated into 2 lobes, distinctly lanceolate. Fruits obovoid pilose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-March
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Adimalai
   
 
   
 
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