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  Ocimum gratissimum
 
  Family: LAMIACEAE/LABIATAE
  Citation:  Ocimum gratissimum L., Sp. Pl. 1197. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 608. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1111(777). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 236. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 324. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 308. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 327. 1989; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 368. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 650. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 380. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 362. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 321. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 252. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 248. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 582. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 658. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attuthulasi, Anathuasi, Kattuthrithavu, Karpoorathulasi, Ramathulasi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Shrubby basil, Lemon basil, Tea bush
  Description: Shrubs, to 2 m high; stem glandular-scabrid. Leaves simple, opposite, to 12 x 6 cm, elliptic to obovate, acuminate at apex, base attenuate serrate; nerves 6-pairs; thinly tomentose below; petiole to 6 cm long. Racemes terminal, panicles; bracts oblanceolate; flowers 4-6 at each node; pedicel 4 mm long. Calyx 5 mm long, glabrous; upper lip ovate, obtuse, lobes of lower lip acuminate, glandular. Corolla white, tube 2-3 mm long, lobes obtuse. Staminal filaments glabrous or villous at base; anthers sagittate at base. Nutlets 1.5 x 1 mm, pitted, brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Chengamperu, Koruthode, Thunakkadavu, Kannoth, Tolpetty, Anmooly slopes, Panangotteri, Kasaragod, Champakulam
   
 
   
 
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