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  Ochlandra travancorica
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Ochlandra travancorica (Bedd.) Benth. ex Gamble, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 125. t.111. 1896 & Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 419. 1896; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1863(1289). 1934; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 476. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 458. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 564. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 428. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 14. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 389. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 820. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 536. 1998; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 191. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 398. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 831. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 580. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 994. 2009. Bheesha travancorica Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t.324. 1891. Ochlandra travancorica Benth. ex Gamble var. hirsuta Gamble, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 126. 1896 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1863(1290). 1934; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 388. 1997; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 196. 1998. Ochlandra sivagiriana (Gamble) Camus, Les Bambusees 181. 1913; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 188. 1998. Ochlandra soderstromiana Muktesh & Stephen, Rheedea 9: 33. 1999.
  Malayalam Name(s): Eera, Eetta, Kareetta, Oda, Vei, Vezhal, Vezhampullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tall reed-like grasses; rootstock rhizomatous, branched; culms to 5 m tall, densely clumped, hollow, covered with culm sheaths; culm sheaths with small limbs. Leaves scattered, 20-40 x 5-10 cm, oblong-lanceolate, base truncate, or cuneate, glabrous; sheaths tubular, mouth with stiff bristles; ligule short. Panicles large, spicate. Spikelets in verticils, 3-9 together, sessile, 5-6 cm long; glumes 2-5, unequal, to 5 cm long, lanceolate, mucronate, smooth; florets one, bisexual; lemmas 5 cm long, elliptic-oblong, muticous; palea membranous, stamens 20-40, filaments monadelphous; style long; stigma 4-6; fruit ovoid, 2-3 x 1.5 cm, beaked, smooth.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-May
  District(s): Thrissur, Idukki, Kollam, Palakkad, Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1200
  Localities: Choodal, Kattalappara, Pambavalley, Karimala, Moozhiar, Thalichola, Vandalodu, Athirumala, Chemungi, Peppara
   
 
   
 
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