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  Ochlandra setigera
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Ochlandra setigera Gamble, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 128. 1896 & in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 420. 1897; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1863(1289). 1934; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 185. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Culms erect or scandent, to 6 m tall and 1.8 cm in diameter; nodes hardly swollen; internodes 20-30 cm long; culm sheath persistent, 15-19 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, obtuse with an abrupt, subulate tip, thin, papery, striate and wrinkled above; ligule small. Leaves 12-26 x 2-3 cm, lanceolate-acuminate, tip subulate, twisted, base rounded; surface pellucid glandular above, minutely hairy beneath and scabrid on margins; secondary nerves 6-7 pairs with as many intermediates; leaf sheaths auricled at base, mouth bristly; bristles stiff, curved; ligules short; petiole 3-6 mm. Inflorescence axillary or terminal spikate panicles. Spikelets in verticels of smaller sterile spikelets and larger fertile ones, clothed with dense white hairs, to 2.2 cm long. Basal empty glumes 7-13 mm long, ovate-mucronate, hairy, many- nerved; lemma and palea larger, to 2.3 cm long. Lodicules 5 to 1.4 cm long, lanceolate or oblanceolate, acute, acuminate or forked at tip, 3-6 nerved. Stamens 26-32, exserted; filaments free; anthers 1.5 cm long. Ovary narrow, oblong, surmounted by a perigynium; stigma 5, plumose, unequal. Caryopsis to 3.7 x 1.2 cm, oblong, narrowed towards the tip into a stylar beak, susbtended by persistent glumes; beak to 3 cm long; pericarp fleshy.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Malappuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along banks of rivers
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Nilambur
   
 
   
 
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