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  Ochlandra ebracteata
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Ochlandra ebracteata Raizada & Chatterjee, Indian For. 89: 362. 1963; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 564. 1994; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 180. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: An erect, shrubby or arborescent; culms to 4-6 m tall, 2-3.8 cm in diameter; nodes shining green; internodes ca. 45 cm long; culm-sheath ovate-obtuse, 13-15 x 6 -11 cm, covered with appressed, subulate, chocolate brown or black, hairs. Leaves 12-15 x 1.5-2 cm, lanceolate-acuminate, shortly cuneate at base, glabrous on both sides, margins and apices scabrid; ligule 5 - 9 mm long; petiole 2-10 mm, thick and broad, often twisted. Inflorescence a flagellate spike of verticillate clusters of sessile spikelets with a few comparatively large fertile spikelets mixed with smaller sterile ones. Fertile spikelets 3-3.5 cm long, 5-7 mm broad, cylindroconical, smooth, shining and glabrous; sterile glumes 4, 0.6-1.3 cm in flowers, 1.3-18 cm in fruits; fertile glumes 1.75 cm long in flowers, 2.5-3 cm in fruits; palea 1.4 cm long in flowers, to 3 cm in fruits. Lodicules 4. Stamens numerous, filaments fused; anthers 10-15 mm long. Ovary very small, dorsally compressed, somewhat spherical, stigma 7-9, plumose. Caryopsis 6 x 1.5 cm, oblong with a long awn-like beak, light chocolate brown in colour.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Kollam, Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Stream sides
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kottur R.F.
   
 
   
 
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