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  Ochlandra beddomei
  Citation:  Ochlandra beddomei Gamble, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 124. t. 110. 1896; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 419. 1899; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1863(1289). 1934; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 819. 1997; Seethalakshmi & Muktesh, Bamboos India 178. 1998; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 993. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Paloda, Ameioda
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Culms 10-12 m high, 3-4 cm in diameter, nodal ridges minutely pubescent; internodes 15-17 cm long; culm sheaths deciduous, 11 x 3.5 cm, becoming smaller towards the tips of the culms, broadly oblong, abruptly acuminate at tip and hairy at the constriction, tips reflexed or horizontal later. Leaves 10-14 x 1.5-2.5 cm, lanceolate, long-acuminate with a twisted, setaceous tip, rounded or slightly cuneate below, glabrous except on veins and margins, secondary nerves c. 8 pairs with 6-7 pairs of intermediates; seeding leaves much larger, to 50 cm long; leaf sheath minutely pubescent and striate, mouth callose with a few, erect, stiff, pale bristles, base auricled; ligule very small; petiole to 5 mm long. Inflorescence of axillary or terminal spikate panicles. Spikelets verticelled, 1-flowered, 2-3.5 cm long, covered with bulbous based, spreading, brown hairs; outer glumes empty, ovate-mucronate, many-nerved, hirsute, to 2 cm long; lemma 2.8 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, mucronate, glabrous, many nerved; palea shorter than lemma, blunt. Lodicules 5, 2-2.5 x 0.2-0.4 cm, linear, obtuse, acute or forked at tip, 2-5 nerved, glabrous. Stamens many, exserted; filaments free; anthers narrow, 1.2-1.6 cm long. Ovary glabrous; perigynium produced into a stylar sheath; stigmas 6, linear, plumose. Caryopsis to 3 x 2 cm, rounded or obovoid, subtended by persistent glumes, glabrous, beak to 2.5 cm, pericarp thick and fleshy.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad
  Habitat: Banks of streams
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Near Threatened (NT)
  Altitude: 1000-1500
  Localities: Thalichola, Machiri
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