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  Nerium oleander
  Citation:  Nerium oleander L., Sp. Pl. 209. 1753; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 315. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 436. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 526. 2009. Nerium indicum Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed. 8) 2. 1786; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 164. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 255. 1984. Nerium odorum Soland. in Ait., Hort. Kew (ed. 1) 1: 297. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 655. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 821(577). 1923; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 295. 1994.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arali, Chuvanna-arali, Kanaveeram, Suprasam, Velutha-alari
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Oleander, Commun oleander, Indian oleander, Rose bay
  Description: An erect evergreen shrub, branches glabrous with milky juice, young branches green. Leaves 10-15 x 1-2 cm, linear-lanceolate, tapering at both ends, acuminate, thick coriaceous, midrib prominent, nerves numerous; petiole 5-7.5 mm long. Flowers white, pink or dark red, single or double in cultivated, form, fragrant 3-4 cm across, peduncle and pedicel hairy, bracts small, 5-7.5 mm long. Calyx c. 6.25 mm long, divided into 5 linear, acute lobes, hairy with gland at the base inside. Corolla tube 1.8 cm long, hairy within, throat narrow, ending in five twisted petals, tips rounded, corona of 5 scales near the throat of the corolla, cleft into 4-7 linear segments. Stamen included, filament short, Anthers connivent and adherent to stigma, connectives hairy, produced upward into long thread-like hairy appendages. Ovary with two distinct carpels, style filiform, thickened upward; stigma two lobed. Fruit 12-20 cm x 7:5 mm long.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental plant
  Distribution: From Mediterranean through Persia, Afghanistan to West Himalayas, cultivated elsewhere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Rose, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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