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  Melastoma malabathricum
 
  Family: MELASTOMATACEAE
  Citation:  Melastoma malabathricum L., Sp. Pl. 390. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 523. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 495(350). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 110. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 184. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 161. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 185. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 164. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 254. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 194. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 140. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 187. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 127. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 269. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 269. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 221. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 293. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 367. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Athirani, Kadali, Kalampotti, Kalathi, Mashikkai, Thodukkara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs to 1.3 m tall; stem densely covered with paleaceous pectinate hairs. Leaves simple, opposite, 4-11 x 1.5-4 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex acute, base attenuate, upper surface prominently lineolate, lower surface tomentose, 5-ribbed, drying dull-greenish; petiole to 1.5 cm long. Flowers solitary or few in rather dense clusters, c. 5 cm across; bracts 1.2-2 x 1-1.4 cm, boat-shaped, densely paleaceous hairy. Calyx tube 0.7-1 cm long, campanulate; lobes 5, 5-7 x 4-5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, densely paleaceous hairy. Petals 5, reddish purple, 1.5-2 x 0.7 - 1 cm, obovate. Stamens 10, alternating ones large and small; anthers dimorphic, dehiscence by apical pores. Ovary ovoid, 5-locular; ovules many; style simple. Capsules 1-1.5 x 0.8-1 cm, ovoid, irregularly dehiscent; seeds many, minute.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Stream banks and marshy areas
  Distribution: South East Asia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Vazhachal, Kattalappara, Kulathupuzha, Aruvikkara, Ontangadi, Adoor, Taliparamba, Chandanathode, Kannoth, Periyarum, Parappa, Aroor, Nadugani ghats, Hereford, Kulathupuzha, Thenmalai, Koviltherimala
   
 
   
 
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