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  Leea macrophylla
 
  Family: LEEACEAE
  Citation:  Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem., Hort. Hafn. 1: 231. 1813; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 664. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 239(171). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 70. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 122. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 108. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 139. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 127. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 17. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 114. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 158. 1997; B.D. Naithani in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 339. 2000; W. Arisdason et al. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 768. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 239. 2009. Leea diffusa Lawson in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 664. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 240(171). 1918. Leea latifolia Wall. ex Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 44: 178. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 240(171). 1918. Leea cinerea Lawson in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 665. 1875. Leea coriacea Lawson in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 665. 1875. Leea venkobarowii Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1917: 26. 1917 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 240(172). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Njallu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Hathikana
  Description: Shrubs to 2 m high; young branches, rachises, petioles, petiolules and inflorescences hairy to mealy-pubescent. Leaves alternate, 1 or 3-foliolate or 1-3 pinnate; if 1 or 3-foliolate; petioles to 20 cm long; rachises 10-15 cm long; stipules obovate, 2-6 x 1-4 cm; leaflets oblique, broadly ovate, oblong-ovate, elliptic or rhomboid, 15-60 x 10-50 cm, cordate at base, acute or short acuminate at apex; if 1-3 pinnate leaflets 7-21 or more, oblong, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 9-30 x 4-9 cm, rounded at base, serrate at margin, acuminate to caudate at apex, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous to sparsely hairy above, sparsely to densely hairy sometimes mealy-pubescent beneath; lateral nerves to 14 pairs, pubescent to hairy; petiolules to 25 mm long. Inflorescences 12-45 cm long, much branched; peduncles to 25 cm long; bracts deltoid to narrowly 3-angled, to 6 mm long; pedicels 1-2 mm long, pubescent. Flowers greenish white. Calyx 1.5-3 x 2.5-4 mm, 5-lobed, mealy-pubescent; lobes 3-angled, 0.75-1 x 0.8-1 mm. Corolla tube with staminal lobes 3-4 mm long; corolla lobes 5, linear-ovate, thick, 2-4 x 0.8-1 mm, greyish-pubescent to papillose. Staminal lobes slightly retuse or shallowly cleft; stamens free, in between staminal lobes; staminal column 2-3 mm long; filaments ca 1 mm long; anthers oblong, ca 1 mm long, medifixed. Ovary globose, 1-1.5 mm, 6-loculed; style to 2 mm long. Fruits subglobose or globose-depressed, 10-15 mm across, green; seeds usually 6, 3-gonous, ca 4 x 3 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Kollam, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous and evergreen forests
  Distribution: South and south east Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -2250
  Localities: Peechi, Kannoth, Chindaki forest, Mukkali forests, Vadapuram, Kanjirakadavu
   
 
   
 
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