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  Lawsonia inermis
 
  Family: LYTHRACEAE
  Citation:  Lawsonia inermis L., Sp. Pl. 349. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 514(363). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 115. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 190. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 195. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 263. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 206. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 133. 1997; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 196. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 279. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 229. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 300. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 383. 2009. Lawsonia alba Lam., Encycl. 3: 106. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 573. 1879.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mailanchi, Mylanchi, Pontalasi
  Tamil name(s): Henna
  English name(s): Henna plant, Camphire, Egyptian privet, Cypress shrub, Samphire
  Description: Woody shrubs; bark ashy grey or brown, smooth, branchlets ending in spines. Leaves 2.5-4.5 x 1-2 cm, elliptic or oblong to oblanceolate, base attenuate, apex acute or rounded, subsessile. Flowers in terminal cymose panicles; pedicels 2-4 mm long. Flowers sweet-scented, creamy white, 4-merous. Calyx tube c. 2 mm long, cupular; lobes 4, 2-3 mm long. Petals 4, 3-4 mm long, orbicular or obovate. Stamens 8; filaments 4-5 mm long, inflexed in bud. Ovary globose, 4-celled. Fruit purplish green, 4-6 x 5-7 mm, globose, dehiscing irregularly. Seeds c. 2.5 mm long.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as hedge plant
  Distribution: Central Asia and India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Muhamma, Karimpuzha
   
 
   
 
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