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  Lantana trifolia
  Citation:  Lantana trifolia L., Sp. Pl. 626. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 563. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1087(761). 1924; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 189. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, to 2 m high; branches subterete or acutely 4-angular, densely hirsute-pubescent; internodes 2-10 cm long. Leaves usually ternate, sometimes opposite, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, cuneate to attenuate or subcordate at base, decurrent into petiole, crenate-serrate along margins, acute or acuminate at apex, 5-9 x 3-6 cm, membranous, dark green rugose scabrous pubescent above, paler pubescent beneath; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, obscure above, distinct beneath; petioles slender, ca 2.5 cm long, densely pubescent. Spikes axillary, subcapitate when young, cylindric elongate when mature, ca 3 x 1 cm; peduncles slender, 5-6 cm long, 1 or 2 per node, hirsute-pubescent; bracts lanceolate, entire-ciliate along margins, cuspidate at apex, ca 1.5 x 0.3 cm, pubescent. Flowers sessile. Calyx cupular, ca 1.5 x 1 mm, obscurely 5-toothed, membranous, pubescent outside. Corolla hypocrateriform, 2-lipped, 5-lobed, light blue or violet; upper lip 2-lobed; lobes suborbicular, ca 2 x 1.5 mm; lower lip 3-lobed; midlobe suborbicular, ca 2 x 1.5 mm; lateral lobes medium, obtuse, ca 1 x 1 mm; tube narrow, ca 7 x 1 mm, glabrous, pubescent above middle outside. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments filiform, ca 3 mm long; anthers ovoid or oblong, ca 1 mm long, basifixed. Ovary subglobose, ca 1 x 0.8 mm; style stout, ca 1 mm long; stigma subcapitate. Drupes globose, ca 3 mm, purple; endocarp hard, splitting into 2 pyrenes.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kollam
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental plant
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America, widely introduced elsewere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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