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  Lantana camara var. camara
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Lantana camara L., Sp. Pl. 627.1757, var. camara; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 317. 1989; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 13. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 311. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 240. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 241. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 181. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 640. 2009. Lantana aculeata L., Sp. Pl. 627. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1087(761). 1924. Lantana camara L. var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke, Torreya 34: 9. 1934; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 562. 1885; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 230. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 314. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 295. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 214. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 355. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 616. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 366. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 359. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 278. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 353. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 242. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 75. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 536. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 524. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 392. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 563. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arippoochedi, Arippu, Eedamakki, Kaniya, Kattuchinda, Konda, Kongini, Njandukali, Onnimullu, Poochedi, Sankuthevamullu, Thevadasichedi, Unnichedi, Unnimullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Lantana, Shrub verbena, Wild sage
  Description: Much branched scandent shrubs; stem 4-angled, armed with short thorns. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-6 x 2-4 cm, ovate or elliptic-ovate, apex acute to shortly acuminate, base subcordate or truncate, margin creneate-serrate, scabrous above, puberulous below, veins impressed above; petiole to 1.5 cm long. Inflorescence terminal and axillary condensed spikes; peduncle 3-4 cm long, shortly prickly. Flowers sessile, orangish-red, changing to deep red on ageing; bracts closely imbricating. Calyx truncate. Corolla salver-shaped; tube 0.8-1 cm long, slender, cylindric, bent and inflated over stamens; lobes 5, obscurely 2-lipped. Stamens 4, included. Ovary 2-celled; ovules 1 in each cell; style slender; stigma subcapitate. Drupe 2-3 mm across, globose, purple on ripening; seeds reticulate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Introduced as ornamental plant; now naturalised as weed
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America, widely naturalised in the tropics and subtropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Orange, Rose
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Thenmala, Chinnar, Thekkady, Thunakkadavu, Valiyaparathode, Kakki hills, Pandalam, Taliparamba, Pappinisseri, Kannoth, Devicolam, Agali, Aroor, Nadugani ghats, Thenmalai, Attayar, Pongalapara
   
 
   
 
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