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  Lagenaria siceraria
  Citation:  Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley, Publ. Field Columbian Mus. Bot. ser. Chicago 3: 435. 1930; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 65. 1982; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 120. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 292. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 217. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 291. 1997; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 328. 2009. Cucurbita siceraria Molina, Sagg. Chile 133. 1782. Cucurbita lagenaria L., Sp. Pl. 1010. 1753. Lagenaria vulgaris Seringe, Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Gen. 3: 25, t. 2. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 613. 1879. Lagenaria leucantha (Duch.) Rusby, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club. 6: 43. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s): Bellashora, Chura, Churakka, Garadudi, Kaippachura, Peechura, Pechura
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Bottle gourd, Calabash gourd
  Description: Annual, climber or trailer. Tendril 2-fid. Stem densely hairy. Leaves palmate, broadly ovate, reniform or sub-orbicular, cordate, obscurely 3-5-lobed, lobes rounded, 3.0-23 x 4-23 cm; petiole 2.7-13 cm long with a pair of small apical lateral conical glands. Both male and female flowers solitary; male peduncle as long as petiole, female somewhat shorter. Corolla white, petals of male flower obovate, apiculate, 2.7-4.5 cm long, 1.8-3.7 cm broad. Staminal filaments 3-4 mm long; anthers oblong, coherent, included; thecae triplicate. Petals of female flowers c. 30 x 24 mm. Ovary ovoid, villous, 11-17 mm long, 6-8 mm across. Fruit large, subglobose, ellipsoid, lageniform, sometimes biventricose, green or greenish-yellow, hairy, indehiscent. Seeds white, oblong, compressed, slightly tapered, slightly 2-horned on the shoulders, 7-20 mm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-February
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Tropical Asia and Africa; cultivated in warmer regions of the world
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Saivila
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