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  Kadsura heteroclita
  Citation:  Kadsura heteroclita (Roxb.) Craib, Fl. Siam Enum. 1: 28. 1925; R.R. Rao & Hajra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 189. 1993; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 130. 2005. Uvaria heteroclita Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 663. 1832. Kadsura roxburghiana Arn., Mag. Zool. Bot. 2: 546. 1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 45. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 9(7). 1915. Kadsura wightiana Arn., Mag. Zool. Bot. 2: 546. 1838; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 45. 1872. Kadsura wattii Clarke, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 25: 4. 1889.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing, evergreen shrub, glabrous; branches densely white-lenticelled. Leaves oblong-lanceolate or broadly elliptic-ovate, rounded or cuneate at base, distantly dentate-serrate at margin when young, entire when mature, acute to subacute at apex, 9-14 x 3-5 cm, glabrous, pale beneath, soft and fleshy when fresh; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, obscure above, distinct beneath; petioles slender, 1-1.5 cm long. Flowers ca 1.3 cm across, white or yellowish; pedicels stout, 1-1.5 cm long; bracteoles many, ciliate, passing into tepals. Tepals 9-12, imbricate in ca 3 rows, orbicular, concave; outer ones ca 7 x 5 mm; inner ones smaller. Male flowers: Stamens 12-15, rarely more; outer filaments very short, free; inner ones longer, connate, fleshy; anthers free or partially within a fleshy head of connate filaments. Female flowers: Carpels many, impricate; ovules 2-4 in each ovary; stigma sessile. Fruit a globose head of many 1-seeded carpels, 2.5-3.5 cm across; pedicels elongate in fruit, 4-6 cm; ripe carpels oblong or globose, cuneate and more or less coalescing at base, faceted, 8-10 mm across, fleshy, scarlet-red, indehiscent; seeds orbicular, compressed, ca 8 mm, suspended.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-December
  District(s): Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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