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  Justicia nilgherrensis
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Justicia nilgherrensis (Nees) Wall. ex Anders., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 7:118.1863; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1078(755). 1924; Ramach. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5:140.1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 341. 1988; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 617. 2009. Adhatoda nilgherrensis Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 103. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs with woody thick rootstock and long roots; stem often numerous, procumbent. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-3.5 x 0.5-1 cm, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, soft, greyish green in colour, glabrous, minutely punctuate, finely ciliate along the margin. Flowers in 4-10cm long spikes; bracts 1.5 x 0.7 cm, ovate, very acute, white but with large green nerves; bracteoles nearly as large. Calyx lobes five, 5 mm long, all equal, linear acute, jointed only near the base. Corolla tube slightly longer, broadening suddenly above the base: upper lip 8 mm long, very concave, notched: lower lip 1 cm broad, 3-fid; lobes spreading; middle lobe rounded, slightly broader than the laterals. Capsule 2 cm long, dark purple above, velvety tomentose, laterally contracted at the base; seeds 4 mm across, papillate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-March
  District(s): Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: on way to Brahmagiri, Brahmagiri
   
 
   
 
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