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  Jatropha gossypifolia
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Jatropha gossypifolia L., Sp. Pl. 1006. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 383. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1340(937). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 368. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 341. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 420. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 362. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 719. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 431. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 418. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 625. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 448. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 224. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 638. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 756. 2009. Jatropha glandulifera sensu Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 258. 1982; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 286. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 293. 2002; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 224. 2007, non Roxb. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chuvannakadalavanakku, Seemayavanakku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Bellyache Bush, Cotton Leaf, Puppet seed plant, Physic nut, Sibidigua, Tua-Tua
  Description: Shrubs, purplish green and glandular hairy on younger parts. Leaves in close spiral, deeply 3-5-lobed, 7-11 x 8-12 cm, orbicular-cordate, margin with gland-tipped hairs, lobes obtusely acuminate, 5-nerved; stipules glandular-hairy; petiole 3-10 cm long, glandular-hairy. Flowers red with yellow centre, unisexual in axillary and terminal monoecious corymbose cymes. Bracts linear-lanceolate, glandular-hairy. Male perianth lobes free, biseriate, reddish-brown, outer c. 5 mm long, lanceolate, inner ones c. 4 mm long, obovate, villous at base within. Stamens 8-10. Female tepals 5. Stamens 8, biseriate. Ovary 3-celled; ovules solitary in each; styles 3, connate below. Capsule 1.3-17 x 1-1.4 cm, 3-lobed. Seeds oblong, 3-gonous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-September
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Thrissur, Malappuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as hedge plant, also running wild
  Distribution: Native of South America, planted elsewhere in the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Pandalam, Bekal, Kalliassey, Tellicherry, Walayar, Kanjirakadavu, Ambalapuzha
   
 
   
 
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