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  Jatropha curcas
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Jatropha curcas L., Sp. Pl. 1006. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 383. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1340(937). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 258. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 368. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 340. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 420. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 362. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 719. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 431. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 418. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 330. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 625. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 286. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 448. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 223. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 637. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 742. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kadalavanakku, Kammatti, Kattuvanakku, Nanchupathal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Barbados nut, Curcas nut, Physic nut, Purging nut, Jatropha
  Description: Glabrous shrubs with an acrid latex; bark smooth, greenish-white, peeling off in thin flakes. Leaves shallowly 5-lobed or entire, 8-15 x 6-12 cm, orbicular or subcordate, base truncate to cordate, margin serrate, apex acute, basally 5-nerved; petiole 5-15 cm long. Flowers yellowish-green in terminal or axillary, monoecious panicled cymes; peduncle 6-12 cm long. Tepals 10, biseriate; outer tepals 3-4 x 1-2 mm, equal in male and unequal in female; inner 5-7 x 2.5-3 mm, oblong or obovate. Stamens 10; filaments unequal, united into a central column. Ovule solitary in each cell; styles 3, 2-fid. Disc-glands 5. Capsule c. 2.5 cm long, ellipsoid, rugose on drying.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Often grown as live fence posts
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America; now widespread in Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Karimutty, Tiruvalla, Tolpetty, Kuthuparamba, Kalliassey, Chindaki forest, Attappady R.F., Walayar, Ambalapuzha, Cherupuzha, Thenmalai, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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