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  Ixora coccinea
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Ixora coccinea L., Sp. Pl. 110. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 145. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 631(445). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 147. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 212. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 195. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 220. 1988; Tariq Husain & Paul, J. Econ. Tax. Bot. Addl. ser. 5, 83.1989; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 195. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 334. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 233. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 234. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 330. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 324. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 255. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 356. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 421. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chethi, Shekki, Kattuchethi, Thechi, Thetti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Flame of the woods, Jungle flame ixora, Needle flower, Sacred Ixora
  Description: Bushy shrubs, spreading by root sprouts. Leaves simple, opposite, 6-10 x 2.5-3 cm, elliptic to oblong, shortly acute at apex, round to slightly cordate at base, sessile, greenish on drying. Corymbs 5-8 cm across; peduncle and pedicels short. Calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm long, puberulous without; lobes minute. Corolla scarlet; tube 3-3.5 cm long, puberulous without; lobes 0.8-1 x 0.4-0.5 cm. Stamens attached at throat; anthers 0.3-0.35 cm long. Ovary 0.1-0.2 cm across; style 3-3.5 cm long, exserted. Berry 0.6-0.8 cm diam., didymous; seeds 2, globose, 0.3-0.4 cm diam.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: In the plains, also grown in homesteads
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ezhimala, Kuruva Island, Tiruvalla, Parappa, Periyarum, Olavakkot, Kasaragod, Vandanam, Nedumkayam, Chathankode, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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