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  Hugonia mystax
  Family: LINACEAE
  Citation:  Hugonia mystax L., Sp. Pl. 675. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 413. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 126(90). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 54. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 99. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 75. 1988; Hajra in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 576. 1993; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 91. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 93. 1994; J.L. Ellis & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 507. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 146. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaarthotti, Modirakkanni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Climbing flax
  Description: Rambling or climbing shrubs; branches yellow-tomentose; branchlets short, horizontal with leaflets towards base. Leaves alternate, tapering at base, obtuse or subacute at apex, 3-8 x 1-3.5 cm, hairy on midnerve; lateral nerves prominent on both surfaces; petioles ca 4 mm long, hairy. Peduncles axillary, ca 1mm long, yellow tomentose; bracts subulate, ca 7 mm long. Flowers ca 2.5 cm across. Sepals imbricate, ovate-lanceolate, ca 7 x 3 mm, fulvous pubescent. Petals shortly unguiculate, ca 12 x 7 mm, unequal, twisted, yellow. Stamens 8-10 mm long, alternately long and short; anthers cordate-ovate, erect, 2-loculed, opening by 2-longitudinal clefts. Ovary globose, glabrous; ovules pendulous; styles ca 4 mm long; stigmas lobed. Drupes globose, ca 1 mm, surrounded by persistent scarlet sepals.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-October
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also scrub jungles of the plains
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Ezhimala, Veli, Varkala, Vandanam
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