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  Homonoia riparia
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Homonoia riparia Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 637. 1790; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 455. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1333(933). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 368. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 340. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 251. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 420. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 361. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 717. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 431. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 418. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 345. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 405. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 289. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 624. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 374. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 285. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 293. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 447. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 137. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 741. 2009. Adelia neriifolia Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 375. 1821.
  Malayalam Name(s): Athalangi, Aattuvanchi, Kadallari, Neervanchi, Puzhavanchi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubs; branchlets pubescent, reddish. Leaves simple, spiral, closely packed, to 18 x 2 cm, linear-oblong, acute at either ends, penninerved, covered with yellow scales below and pubescent along nerves; petiole 1 cm long, tomentose; stipule filiform. Flowers dioecious in axillary 10-15 cm long racemes. Male flowers 3 mm across, sepals 2-5, glabrous, ciliate along the margins, yellowish red; stamens many, free. Female flowers sessile, densely packed; bracts ovate; sepals 2 mm long, lanceolate, ciliate; ovary densely hairy; styles 3, spreading, linear. Capsule 5 mm across, globose, hairy.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along riverbanks and streams
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and South China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Mamood, Chinnar, Koruthode, Parambikulam, Mukkali forests, Canoli, South Walakkad, Thekkuthode, Mannarappara, Panathur, Payyavur, Ambayathode, Arunappara, Mundurapalai river side, Bhavani river bank, Karivara slopes, Dhoni R. F., Olipara forests,
   
 
   
 
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