Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Holmskioldia sanguinea f. citrina
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Holmskioldia sanguinea Retz. f. citrina Moldenke, Phytologia 8: 58. 1961; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 174. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Straggling shrubs, or woody vine, to 6 m high; branches and branch lets slender, acutely 4-angular; young parts pubescent, glabrous when mature; nodes obscurely annulate; internodes 2.5-11 cm long. Leaves opposite, 4-10.5 x 3-7 cm, ovate or elliptic-ovate, truncate or rounded to subcordate at base, crenate-serrate along margins, acuminate-caudate at apex, chartaceous, sparsely pubescent or nearly glabrous above, pubescent on nerves conspicuously gland-dotted beneath; lateral nerves 4-5 pairs; petioles slender, 1-3 cm long, pubescent. Racemes cymose, axillary and terminal, much abbreviated, to 5 cm long; bracts ovate or elliptic, acute at apex, 5-20 x 4-10 mm, glabrous; pedicels ca 1 mm long. Calyx campanulate to saucer-shaped, faintly 5-lobed, or entire, ca 2.5 x 2 cm, scarlet, membranous, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, lemon yellow, older calyx becoming greenish-yellow. Corolla infundibular, 2-lipped, 5-lobed, lemon yellow; upper lip ovate, subacute, 3-4 mm long; lower lip 4-lobed; lobes rotund, obtuse, 1-2 mm; tube narrow, cylindric, curvate, ampliate towards apex, ca 2 x 0.4 cm, pubescent outside. Stamens 4, didynamous; filaments slender, 1.5-2.5 cm long, exserted, hairy; anthers ovoid, white. Ovary conical, ca 4 x 3 mm, glabrous; style slender, 2-2.5 cm long; stigma obscurely 2-lobed; lobes subequal. Drupes obovoid or subglobose, ca 1 x 0.8 cm, deeply 4-lobed, splitting into 4 pyrenes; seeds 1-4, verrucose or rugose; fruiting-calyx accrescent, rotate or circular, expanded, 1.5-2 cm, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-May
  District(s): Wayanad, Idukki, Palakkad, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as garden plant
  Distribution: Hawaiian Islands and Zimbabwe
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online