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  Hibiscus syriacus
  Citation:  Hibiscus syriacus L., Sp. Pl. 695. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 344. 1874; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 393. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 88. 1996; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 423. 2005. Ketmia syriaca (L.) Scop., Fl. Caniol. (ed.2) 2: 45. 1772. Hibiscus rhombifolius Cav., Diss. 3: 156, t. 69. f.3. 1787.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Shrubby Althaea
  Description: Erect, bushy shrubs, to 3 m high; young branches stellate-pubescent, glabrous later. Leaves alternate, deltoid-ovate to rhomboid, often 3-lobed, cuneate at base, coarsely toothed at margin, acute at apex, 4-7 x 2-5 cm, stellate-pubescent when young, glabrescent later; midnerve with a linear nectary at base beneath; petioles 1.2-2 cm long, puberulous; stipules filiform, 5-10 mm long, caducous. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels as long as or shorter than petiole, stellate-hairy. Epicalyx lobes 6-8, linear, ca 1.5 x 1 mm, sparsely stellate-hairy, with 1 prominent nerve. Calyx 12-20 mm long; lobes connate to middle, oblong or ovate-lanceolate, acute, ca 7 x 5 mm, sparsely stellate-hairy. Corolla 4-7.5 cm across, violet with a red centre; petals obovate, ca 4 x 2.5 cm, ciliate. Staminal column 2-4 cm long, 5-toothed at apex, antheriferous below, white or pale purple. Ovary ca 5 mm long, pubescent; styles filiform; stigmas globose, white-hairy. Capsules ovoid, obtuse or abruptly short beaked, ca 2 x 1 cm, sparsely hispid; seeds reniform, pilose, and brownish.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-October
  District(s): Kozhikkode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as garden plant
  Distribution: Native of China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet, Red, Blue, Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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