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  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. rosa-sinensis
  Citation:  Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Sp. Pl. 694. 1753, var. rosa-sinensis; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 334. 1874; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 48. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 88. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 61. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 391. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 80. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 37. 1995; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 122. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 86. 1997; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 420. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 119. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ayamparathi, Chembarathi
  Tamil name(s): Japa
  English name(s): Chinese hibiscus, Chinese rose, Hibiscus, Rose of China, Shoe flower, Tropical Hibiscus
  Description: Shrubs, to 4 m high; stems woody and glabrous. Leaves alternate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, truncate or somewhat tapering at base, serrate, crenate or entire, sometimes dentate towards apex, acute to acuminate at apex, 5-11 x 3-6 cm, 3-5 nerved at base, glabrous to sparsely stellate-hairy on nerves beneath; petioles 1.5-4 cm long, simple-hairy; stipules lanceolate or subulate, 3-11 mm long, glabrous. Flower axillary, solitary; pedicels 2-8 cm long, jointed above middle, glabrous or pubescent. Epicalyx lobes 5-8, connate at base, lanceolate, 5-15 mm long, sparsely stellate-pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 1-3 cm long; lobes connate to middle, lanceolate, 1.5-2 cm long, stellate and glandular-pilose outside. Corolla infundibular, 6-12 cm across, red, white, pink, yellow or orange yellow; petals obovate and entire. Staminal column to 5 cm long, exserted beyond corolla, antheriferous in upper half. Capsules oblong-rounded (rarely formed).
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental plant
  Distribution: Native of Pacific Islands; cultivated in Tropical and Subtropical countries
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Orange, Rose, Red, Yellow, Blue, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kuthiyathodu
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