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  Hibiscus mutabilis
  Citation:  Hibiscus mutabilis L., Sp. Pl. 694. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 334. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 99(71). 1915; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 390. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 148. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 86. 1997; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 416. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 119. 2009. Hibiscus sinensis Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed. 8). 2. 1768. Abelmoschus mutabilis (L.) Wall. ex Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor 198. 1844.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chinappratti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cotton Rose, Confederate Rose, Changing Rose
  Description: Bushy shrub or small tree, 5-7 m high; younger parts dense with stellate or simple glandular hairs. Leaves suborbicular, cordate, 10-22 cm long, palmately 3-7 lobed; lobes 3-angled, coarsely dentate or irregularly crenate at margin, acute or long-acuminate at apex, densely stellate-pubescent above, glabrate or sparsely stellate-pubescent beneath, 7-11 nerved at base. Petioles 5-15 cm long, tomentose; stipules linear-lanceolate, 5-10 mm long, tomentose. Flowers axillary, solitary or in terminal subcorymbose racemes; pedicels 6-12 cm long, jointed 1-2 cm below apex. Epicalyx lobes 8-12, linear-lanceolate, 0.2-2.5 x 0.1-0.2 cm, bent down, eventually spreading. Calyx lobes connate to middle, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 3-4 x ca 1 cm, accrescent, densely stellate-pubescent with glandular hairs throughout above, densely stellate-hairy at margin inside and with long simple hairs in middle and base, 5-nerved, yellowish green. Corolla 10-15 cm across, white fading pink. Petals 5 or multiples of 5, suborbicular, short-clawed, 6-8 cm long, sparsely stellate-hairy outside, glabrous inside with long stellate hairs at base. Staminal column shorter than corolla, white or yellowish white, antheriferous throughout. Ovary globose, truncate, ca 6 mm, white-silky-hairy, 5-loculed; ovules many in each locule. Capsules subglobose, emarginate, 2-2.5 cm long, densely covered with stellate, simple glandular and long setose hairs. Seeds reniform, ca 2 mm long, dorsal and dorsolateral walls with radiating simple to 6-armed to 2 mm long hairs, brownish.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated as ornamental
  Distribution: Native of China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Muthukulam
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