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  Hibiscus hispidissimus
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Hibiscus hispidissimus Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 521. 1854; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 78. 1994; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 106. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 59. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 82. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 30. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 35. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 27. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 96. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 81. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 413. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 118. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 149. 2009. Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 206. 1832; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 87. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 75. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 60. 1988; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 123. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 26. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 75. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 60. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 79. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 36. 1995; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:323.1993, non Walter 1788. Hibiscus furcatus Roxb. ex DC., Prodr. 1: 448. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 335. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 97(70). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 47, non Willd. 1809.
  Malayalam Name(s): Anicham, Kalapoo, Matthippuli, Mupparacham, Naranambuli, Panachol, Panichakam, Pachapuli, Uppanachakam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Rambling or climbing shrubs; stems, petioles and pedicels armed with recurved prickles, often intermingled with dense stellate indumentum. Leaves entire to 3-5-angled or lobed, alternate, 4-8 x 3-7 cm, cordate or truncate at the base, margins coarsely serrate, apex acuminate, prickly on the nerves beneath; petiole 4-7 cm long, prickly; stipules c. 7 x 3 mm, lanceolate, ciliate. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 1.5-5 cm long, jointed above middle, prickly. Involucral bracts 10-12, c. 15 x 3 mm, bifurcate, apex spathulate. Calyx tube c. 1 cm long, nerves densely pubescent with long stellate and simple hairs; lobes 5, c. 10 x 4 mm, lanceolate. Corolla c. 8 cm across, yellow with deep purple center; petals 5, 4-5 x 3-4 cm, obovate. Staminal column up to 1.5 cm long, antheriferous throughout; filaments c. 3 mm long, purplish; anthers purplish. Ovary c. 5 mm long, ovoid, 5-celled, densely apprssed hairy; stigma 5, capitate. Capsule c. 1.5 cm long, ovoid or conical, bristly hairy. Seeds c. 4 mm long, 3-gonous, dark brown, concentrically tubercled.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Champakkad, Vallakkadavu, Thunakkadavu, Karimala, Manniera, Adoor, Pathenthode, Kannoth, Panathur, Parassanikkadavu, Taliparamba, Manantody, Kaikatty, Mukkali forests, Olavakkot, Pooyamkutty, Kalavoor, Chunkathara, Thenmalai, Teppakulam, Kottur,
   
 
   
 
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