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  Hedyotis buxifolia
  Citation:  Hedyotis buxifolia Bedd., Ic. t. 1. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 52. 1880; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 67. 1998; Dutta & Deb, Taxonomic Revision Hedyotis 53. 2004. Oldenlandia buxifolia (Bedd.) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 292. 1891; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 601(421). 1921.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs or undershrubs, 15-30 cm long; stem obtusely angular or terete, articulated with scars of stipules and fallen leaves at short intervals, glabrous. Leaves 1-1.5 x 0.5-0.7 cm, ovate or elliptic, acute or obtuse at apex, contracted to a short petiole at base, revolute at margin, coriaceous, shining, glabrous, midrib prominent, laterals obscure; petiole 0.2-0.5 x 0.2 mm, short, flattened; stipules 2.5-3 x 3-4 mm, sheathing at base with short, stiff, 6-7 glabrous or ciliate bristles and a line of pubescence along the centre of stipules. Inflorescence terminal and axillary(upper axil), peduncled, 3-flowered cymes. Flowers sessile, 9-10 mm long, sparsely pubescent outside; bracts filiform, 1-2 mm long. Hypanthium ovoid, 1-1.5 mm long; Calyx limb 0.3-0.5 mm long; lobes 4, 1-1.5 mm long, lanceolate, acute. Corolla pale violet; tube 2-3 mm long, densely pubescent inside at throat; lobes 1.5-2.2 mm long, oblong, acute, incurved at apex, beaked, minutely pubescent inside. Stamens 4; filaments exserted, 1.5-2 mm long; adnate to throat; anthers 0.7-1 mm long, linear ovary 0.7-1 mm long; ovules many on submedian placenta; style 1-2 mm long, glabrous; stigma bilobed, 0.5-0.8 mm long, linear, papillose. Capsule 4-5 x 2-2.5 mm, ellipsoid or subglobose, glabrous, with sine striations, dehiscing septicidally, ultimately becoming quadripartite. Seeds many, small, 0.3-0.5 x 0.1-0.3 mm, angular, reticulate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
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